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ྐྵԫԹ


 

ྐྵԫԹ (ѧ: penicillin) չ͡ྐྵԫԹ (Phenoxymethylpenicillin-Penicillin V) ͪҦẤµáͧš鹾 Alexander Fleming ѹ㹻 ..1942 ͡ķҹçҧҧշժ ີ ີ-Ť (Beta-lactam antibiotics) Ѻ駡Դ cross link ҧ¢ͧ໻᤹觼鼹ѧͧẤ͹ ж١ Ấռѧ Ấ¡е㹷ش

աԨҡ鹷աþѲҷྐྵԫԹաªԴԴ繡ҷçҧҧդѹ ҧᾷ֧ѴǴҡ¡͵ҵá㹡蹡 ྐྵԫԹ ѧ鹹͡ҡྐྵԫԹ繪ҦẤµáͧš ѧ繪ͧ͢Ҵ¨Ѵ觵ѧ

1.ྐྵԫԹ-aminopenicillins 㹡Ѻ͡ẺẤҧྐྵԫԹ ö͡ô㹡(ҹ֧Թѧ)  ͡ԹԹ(amoxicillin), ԫԹ(ampicillin)

2.͹ྐྵԫԹ-antipsudo penicillins ҷöẤ·ժ (pseudomanas), ͹ä͡(enterococcus) ź  
2.1 ҫԹ(piperacillin)
2.2䷤Թ(ticarcillin)

3.ѺີŤ-beta lactamase inhibitors ÷ѺҡྐྵԫԹͷྐྵԫԹ١Ấºҧ

4.ྐྵԫԹҡҵ 

4.1ྐྵԫԹ áҵǹշٻẺԹ, մʹ Щմҡ ⴹ¡ԡµǤٻẺմҹͧҡẺԹջԷҾԹ
4.2ྐྵԫԹ ٻẺԹ
4.3ྐྵԫԹ ह ٻẺմҡ
4.4ྐྵԫԹ ູҷչ ժԴմҡ

5.ྐྵԫԹ跹ҹ͡ö١èҡặ
ҷ跹͹䫴ͧẤ·öẤբҪ ͡ҫԹ ,䴤͡ҫԹ

ҧྐྵԫԹբ㹻
1.Phenoxymethyl Penicillin (չ͡緸 ྐྵԫԹ)
2.Suveelin (Թ)
3.Pen V General Drugs House (ྐྵ ѡ )
4.Pen V-Oral Four (ྐྵ )
5.Pen V-Oral Two (ྐྵ )
6.Pen V Atlantic (ྐྵ ͵Źԡ)
7.Procaine Penicillin G in Oil (ह ྐྵԫԹ 㹹ѹ)
8.Penveno (ྐྵ)

 

ͺ
-ѡäԴͷ˹ѧҧԴ 蹽 Թ 4 ʹ ѹ 3 駡͹ 
-äԴͷ, ͹Թ 纤ҡ ᴧѴյ˹ͧ Թ 4 ʹٹԵ ѹ 3
-äԴͷç١ҡûⵤ͡ ҡù١ͧ٧
-ͧѹҵԡ
-ѡäҡ
äشҴ

Ҵҷѡä
ͧҡä բҴҷᵡҧѹ Т鹡Ѻؤ´ͧҡҹ͡ʷͨд·颹Ҵҡѹѧ鹡ྐྵԫԹ֧鹡Ѻ¾ԹԨͧᾷ

觷ͧᾷѪá͹ҹ
-ѵҷءԴ
-äШӵ蹼ä 
-ѵԡ ѡä ྐྵԫԹҨдѺѡŧ ҤԴԴԹ

ҡâҧ§
蹼蹤ѹ, Ӻҡ, Ǵ, ФǷͧ, ѡ, й
ҡҹŢҧ§ѧԹҹôᾷѪ

ͤѧ㹡ྐྵԫԹ
1.㹼·ҹ
2.;ѧҹҡü蹤ѹ Ӻҡ Ǵͧ ͧ ҧعç شҷѹպ ѡҡ лѺ¹ҵ
3.ѧҹ㹤ä㹡ʹԴ
4.ྐྵԫԹҨ觼ŵ͡õǨӵŷҧдѧ鹡͹ѺõǨӵŤû֡ᾷ͹
5.ҹѺ
6.
7.ҵᾷ˹ҧúǹͧҡྐྵԫԹغѵԡʹ٧

ѭặ´ 
ѧҡաһԪǹҹҹẤ¾ѹѲҵͧö͵ҦẤ˹㹹鹤ྐྵԫԹ ¡䡡ôҤ
Ấҧ͹ ີŤ͡ҷǧີ Ť ҡྐྵԫԹ͡ķ¼ѧŴŧ

ྐྵԫԹռŵҧѹ
1.ྐྵԫԹѺҤԴյ ethinyl estradiol ҨšäԴͧҤŴŧѧҡͧҤѹԸաäԴ蹡اҧ͹
2.ྐྵԫԹѺѡ methotrexate ͧҡྐྵԫԹöдѺ methotrexate ʹ٧ 觼͡͡ѺŢҧ§ͧѡ¢
3. ྐྵԫԹѺҵҹ秵Ǣͧʹ warfarin Դʹ͡¢

ѡҹ
1.ҪԴմس 2-8 ͧʵʹ
2.ԴԹ㹺dzسԹ 30ͧ
3.ྐྵԫԹءٻẺ㹪ͧ 
4.ྐྵԫԹᴴ ͹

ྐྵԫԹѴ㹡”ѹ” ú. ѧ鹡ѺҹѺҡᾷѪҹ йͧҹдǡ ͷҧ͹Ź ͧҡҨ龺ѺŢҧ§ѹ



駡з . :: ѹŧС 2019-02-08 14:48:43


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